COMPUTER FUNDAMENTAL NOTES PDF

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This tutorial explains the foundational concepts of computer hardware, software, operating systems, peripherals, etc. along with how to get the most value and. The Droid is a Smartphone capable of basic computing tasks such as documents over the Internet is now easier than ever with the PDF file format. In addition to slides, you can print audience handouts, outlines, and speaker's notes. –A Brief History of Computing. –Operation of a Simple Computer. –Input / Output. –MIPS Assembly Language. • This course is new this year, but derives from.


Computer Fundamental Notes Pdf

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Here are the notes of “Computer Fundamentals Notes PDF” in free PDF. Download it now completely free on Edutechlearners without and. This Computer Fundamentals tutorial covers a foundational understanding of This tutorial is also very useful for the undergraduate students of computer. Computer Fundamentals, Engineering Class handwritten notes, exam notes, previous year questions, PDF free download.

Every computer contains an internal clock that regulates the rate at which instructions are executed and synchronizes all the various computer components.

The CPU requires a fixed number of clock ticks or clock cycles to execute each instruction. The faster the clock, the more instructions the CPU can execute per second.

Clock speeds are expressed in megahertz MHz or gigahertz GHz. A bit microprocessor can process data and memory addresses that are represented by 16 bits. A bit microprocessor can process data and memory addresses that are represented by 32 bits. Intel processor, Intel 64 bit Microprocessor: It indicates the width of the registers; a special high-speed storage area within the CPU.

Pentium dual core, core 2 duo.

A bit microprocessor can process data and memory addresses that are represented by bits. RISC system has reduced number of instructions.

Performs only basic functions. All HLL support is done in software. All operations are register to register.

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A large and varied instruction set. Performs basic as well as complex functions. All HLL support is done in Hardware. Memory to memory addressing mode EPIC Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing : It is a bit microprocessor instruction set, jointly defined and designed by Hewlett Packard and Intel, that provides up to general and floating point unit registers and uses speculative loading, predication, and explicit parallelism to accomplish its computing tasks.

Computer Fundamentals Notes

By comparison, current bit CISC and RISC microprocessor architectures depend on bit registers, branch prediction, memory latency, and implicit parallelism, which are considered a less efficient approach in microarchitecture design. Typically on older PCs, a modem, mouse, or keyboard would be connected via serial ports.

Serial cables are cheaper to make than parallel cables and easier to shield from interference. Also called communication port. It provides much higher data transfer speed in comparison with serial port.

Also called Line Printer Port. The interface is comparable with USB and often those two technologies are considered together, though USB has more market share.

कंप्यूटर बेसिक नोट्स !! CCE Computer Fundamental Notes PDF in Hindi Free Download

Infrared Port: An IR port is a port which sends and receives infrared signals from other devices. It is a wireless type port with a limited range of ft.

Bluetooth: Bluetooth uses short-range radio frequencies to transmit information from fixed and mobile devices. These devices must be within the range of 32 feet, or 10 meters for Bluetooth to effectively work. A Bluetooth port enables connections for Bluetooth-enabled devices for synchronizing. Typically there are two types of ports: incoming and outgoing. The incoming port enables the device to receive connections from Bluetooth devices while the outgoing port makes connections to Bluetooth devices.

It is an 8-bit code capable of coding characters. Unicode: It is a universal coding standard which provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language.

Unicode version 3. Decimal Number System: Decimal Number system composed of 10 numerals or symbols.

These numerals are 0 to 9. Using these symbols as digits we can express any quantity. It is also called base system. It is a positional value system in which the value of a digit depends on its position. These digits can represent any value, for example: The value is formed by the sum of each digit, multiplied by the base in this case it is 10 because there are 10 digits in decimal system in power of digit position counting from zero : Decimal numbers would be written like this: B.

It is base-2 system. It is used to transmit a variety of individual signals read, write, interrupt, acknowledge, and so forth necessary to control and coordinate the operations of the computer. The size of a bus, known as its width, is important because it determines how much data can be transmitted at one time. For example, a bit bus can transmit 16 bits of data, whereas a bit bus can transmit 32 bits Clock speed Also called clock rate, the speed at which a microprocessor executes instructions.

Every computer contains an internal clock that regulates the rate at which instructions are executed and synchronizes all the various computer components. The CPU requires a fixed number of clock ticks or clock cycles to execute each instruction. The faster the clock, the more instructions the CPU can execute per second. Clock speeds are expressed in megahertz MHz or gigahertz GHz. A bit microprocessor can process data and memory addresses that are represented by 16 bits.

Basic Computer Hardware Notes in PDF

A bit microprocessor can process data and memory addresses that are represented by 32 bits. Intel processor, Intel 64 bit Microprocessor: It indicates the width of the registers; a special high-speed storage area within the CPU. Pentium dual core, Core 2 duo.

A bit microprocessor can process data and memory addresses that are represented by bits. RISC system has reduced number of instructions. Performs only basic functions. All HLL support is done in software. All operations are register to register. A large and varied instruction set.

Performs basic as well as complex functions. All HLL support is done in Hardware. Memory to memory addressing mode EPIC Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing : It is a bit microprocessor instruction set, jointly defined and designed by Hewlett Packard and Intel, that provides up to general and floating point unit registers and uses speculative loading, predication, and explicit parallelism to accomplish its computing tasks.

By comparison, current bit CISC and RISC microprocessor architectures depend on bit registers, branch prediction, memory latency, and implicit parallelism, which are considered a less efficient approach in micro architecture design. Typically on older PCs, a modem, mouse, or keyboard would be connected via serial ports. Serial cables are cheaper to make than parallel cables and easier to shield from interference. It is also called communication port. It provides much higher data transfer speed in comparison with serial port.

It is also called Line Printer Port. USB is also much smarter and more versatile since it allows the "daisy chaining" of up to USB peripherals connected to one port. The interface is comparable with USB and often those two technologies are considered together, though USB has more market share.

Infrared Port An IR port is a port which sends and receives infrared signals from other devices. It is a wireless type port with a limited range of ft.

Bluetooth Bluetooth uses short-range radio frequencies to transmit information from fixed and mobile devices. These devices must be within the range of 32 feet, or 10 meters for Bluetooth to effectively work.

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A Bluetooth port enables connections for Bluetooth-enabled devices for synchronizing. Typically there are two types of ports: incoming and outgoing.

The incoming port enables the device to receive connections from Bluetooth devices while the outgoing port makes connections to Bluetooth devices. It is an 8-bit code capable of coding characters.

Unicode: It is a universal coding standard which provides a unique number for every character, no matter what the platform, no matter what the program, no matter what the language.

Unicode is a bit code capable of representing more than characters. It can represent almost all the languages of the world. We are not responsible for any type of mistake in data. All pdf files or link of pdf files are collected from various Resources Or sent by Students.Example: DOS.

There are four types of ROM. Inkjet plotters can also produce large drawings with different colours.

If you want to play the latest multimedia games, then a graphics card is the utmost necessity. Portable computers continued to develop, though, and eventually became streamlined and easily portable, as the notebooks we have today are. The first of these was the Osborne 1, in System support programs provide routine service functions to the other computer programs and computer users.

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